Employment Law – Leave Policy in India
The relationship between a worker, a trade union, and the general government is represented by the field of law known as labour law. It is crucial for preserving workers’ rights, their unions, and pay. It also helps to forge a connection between employers and employees. It is a safeguarding code for laborers, workers, and employees as well, establishing a standard rule governing labour work practices and educating them about their rights. Labor law and employment law are frequently mistakenly combined. The branch of law that focuses exclusively on the connection between an employer and employee is employment law.
The overarching framework for determining various aspects of leave, such as category or categories, eligibility, duration, etc., is established by employment legislation. Numerous businesses and organizations divide leave into various categories, such as unpaid leave, paid leave, earned leave, maternity leave, special leaves, unpaid leave for the loss of pay, unpaid leave for compensatory reasons, etc.
Leave policies are developed with the unions when employment contacts involve trade unions in the decision-making process. The Industrial Employment Standing Orders Act, created to enforce certain service conditions, references such thorough consultation.
In India, three different types of leaves—earned leave, sick leave, and casual leave—are typically observed. For various types of leaves, multiple laws have varied provisions.
1. Earned Leave
2. Casual Leave ( Casual Leave)
3. Sick / Medical Leave
4. Maternity Leave